What Are The Top 5 Databases Used By Developers Today?

Irrespective of whether you are a web developer or not, chances are high that you have been a part of a conversation revolving around databases. You will find there are many different sorts of databases available in the market today, and some of them are even more popular than others. If you are not an expert, it can be challenging for you to know the key differences between them. This is where you should consult professional DBAs in database management and administration to know about each database’s salient features and how they can bring value to your business.

Generally, the term “database” refers to a database management system or a DBMS in short. Both of these terms are used interchangeably. The DBMS as a system permits the organization, management, and modification of the database. If you examine the market, you will find several different management systems and databases; however, on close inspection, you will find they all work with the same organizational principles.

What are the most popular types of databases available in the market today?

Specialists from esteemed database administration and management company, RemoteDBA.com says that you must be aware of how it is made, designed, and works before you choose your database. There are different sorts of databases that exist in the market today, and they are-

  1. Relational
  2. Flat file
  3. Object-oriented
  4. Network -oriented
  5. Hierarchical

Now, after this basic overview of how databases are designed and created, the next step is to look into the top 5 most widely sought- after database management systems used by developers in modern times:-

  • MySQL

This database is open source and relational. It surfaced in 1995 and has become a critical part of all open-source stacks in web development. It is a component of the web archetype called LAMP that is Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/Python, and PHP. The language of MySQL is C+ and C++. Thanks to its immense popularity and performance lifetime, it still receives a tremendous level of documentation and support from developers and skilled DBAs. MySQL is deployed by almost every esteemed company. Some of the most popular websites that use this database are Twitter, Google YouTube, Flickr, and more. The MySQL database’s key advantages are known for its high performance for large databases and open-source nature. As for its disadvantages, the incremental backups are not simple to implement, and there is no support for OLAP and XML.

  • MariaDB

This database is a project that is based on the source codes of MySQL and is known as a “fork.” It was created by several developers who had some concerns over the purchase of MySQL by Oracle Corporation. Since this database is a “fork” of MySQL, it is similar to the fundamental architecture and function database. It maintains a high degree of compatibility with other databases. Some of the key users of the MariaDB database are Mozilla, Google, and the Wikimedia Foundation. This database’s advantages are its high speed, plug-ins, and scalable architecture located at different levels. The disadvantage of this database is data migration is not simple.

  • MongoDB

This database is one of the most famous databases in the non-relational categories though being released in 2009. It was published under an open-source and fee license and was primarily a document-based system targeted for use with data that was semi-structured text documents. MongoDB does not deploy the use of schemas. It is programmed in C++, C, and JavaScript programming languages. This database’s advantages are its high performance, high speed, simple configuration, and its support JSON. This database system’s disadvantages are its big data size, restricted file nesting, high usage of memory, and no default security.

  • Redis

Like MongoDB, Redis is young as it was released in 2009. The full form of Redis is Remote Dictionary Server. This is a non-relational and open-source database that was originally made for storing key values. It deploys an associative array where the key is associated with a single value in the collection. This database is written in ANSI C. Its advantages are it is fast, has a simple configuration, and can support multiple data types. As for its disadvantages, it needs more memory and has offered no join queries support.

  • PostgreSQL

This database is an object-relational system focusing on the standards of extensibility and compliance for projects on a large scale. It is efficient when it comes to database scalability, and this is its key feature. It is perfect for applications that deal with a single machine, has a big Internet facing app, and for all those apps that are located in between.

Due to the above advantages, it is one of the most famous relational database management systems that are in use today. In this case, an example is Apple, which uses PostgreSQL as its default on the MacOS server operating system. It is programmed and coded in C language. The pros of this DBMS are it is highly scalable, has support for JSON, and houses predefined functions. The disadvantages of this system are that it is not simple to configure and lacks performance for operations requiring a high-load.

How can you select the proper database for your business applications?

From the above, it is evident that every popular database management system has its share of pros and cons. This is why you must comprehend the fundamental differences between these types, such as non-relational versus relational. Specialists in database management and administration say that everyone lives in a world that is focused on data. This is why you need to understand your business’s nuances and the features of the database you choose for it.

Even small enterprises should give databases importance as it helps them to collect and organize business-critical information better. It is one aspect that no business or brand can do without in the current times. They can offer better customer and client satisfaction and gain a strategic edge in the market with success!

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