The general masses realized the importance of the Internet only when it was made accessible through a graphic interface. It was the introduction of the web browser that led to the widespread popularity of the World Wide Web in the early 1990s. The web may have come into existence years ago; it didn’t make it to mainstream before this time. The Internet and the web have changed the world forever. Explore the history of web development, as to how the involved technologies developed and reached the masses over the decades.

history of web development essay

The Earliest Form of Web

The World Wide Web first created in the 1980s. It became commonly used after 1993 when the Mosaic browser developed. Time Berners-Lee first coined HTML’s concept in 1989. The early concept was meant to draw up a platform that could allow researchers to collaborate without concern where they locate. It led to the creation of the HTML or Hypertext Markup Language in the year 1990. The internet was already present in one or the other form for many decades. The wide area network (WAN) created in the 1960s and the LAN in the early 1980s.

HTML was developed based on concepts similar to those for the Standard Generalized Markup Language. Since then HTML has remained the core building block of the web, and even modern infrastructure and coding systems base on it. It allowed developers to create web page layouts in the way that users could easily interact with them over networks.

When the current Internet and the new HTML technologies came together, it helped in the creation of the modern web. Commercial web pages began to be developed by mid-1990s.

Mosaic Browser

Mosaic may not be the first browser, it played a crucial role in displaying the web as a combination of text and images and carved the path for web design. New advances in technologies helped in developing the form and function of the different web page elements. It included fonts, menus, color schemes, and much more.

Web Development Technologies

The history of web development is more precisely a history of the technologies involved.


A working group was created in 1994 to work on HTML. This group was known as The Internet Engineering Task Force or IEFT. The team formed with the core premise that the web was to stay open. Time Berners-Lee may have described the first 18 tags. This team developed a larger number of new tags and attributes by 1995. It became possible to set background color and fonts. There was some opposition to this development because HTML was first meant to describe a document’s structure, not its style. During this time browser vendors from all around the world came together to standardize HTML. The IEFT wasn’t able to keep up with the speed at which the new developments were taking place.


W3C released Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) in 1996 for supporting layout and presentation. HTML code became semantic, and web accessibility improved. Flash was also developed at the same time and was initially restricted to use for simple layout necessary tools. Web designers soon found that CSS allowed them to go beyond what HTML enabled them to do. Later it developed to such a level that they could develop comprehensive websites on it.

During the early phase, the styles mostly limited to a single CSS file. Syntactically Awesome Style sheets (SASS) first established in 2006. However, it took, even more, years before Object-Oriented CSS and other similar methodologies began playing a role in the web. It led to the creation of styles which could be re-used, scaled and maintained.

There are many new methodologies like SUIT CSS or Block-Element-Modifier (BEM). But CSS continues to play a crucial role in web development. CSS variables and element queries are expected to be the future.


HTML, CSS, and JavaScript consider as the cornerstones of web development. It is JavaScript that has undergone the most amounts of changes over the decades. It first created in 1995. Interestingly, JavaScript developed within a span of just ten days. Server-side JavaScript also designed the same year. Node emerged as the most popular server-side JavaScript and first introduced in 2009.

Today, JavaScript is integral to web development and most web elements are based on it – from native apps to build tools and many other things in between. At the same time, JavaScript has been evolving at a fast rate every year.

The Web Design Revolution

The year 1996 saw the release of the first browser that supports style sheets. Microsoft was the company behind the browser. HTML markup was initially meant to display tabular data. It was not long before web designers saw how useful HTML tables were in developing sophisticated, multi-column layouts – something that was not possible at the time. It was when aesthetics began to play a more important role in an otherwise web design and development environment where web accessibility, semantics, and markup structure were the more important factors.

HTML was a significant addition to the web development domain. There were still many challenges and limitations to the web design world. When designers needed to create intricate designs, it was required to make use of complicated table structures. They used GIF images to prevent empty table cells from subsiding. The launch of CSS helped in addressing such issues.

Developments After 2000-2001

web dev 2000
After the Dot-com Bubble of the late 1990s, there were some big changes in who played the more significant role in the web domain. The dot-com crash led to the emergence of new concepts in digital commerce. It was when the Internet started becoming the primary channel for communications.

Improvements in hardware technologies helped in improving network capabilities with broader bandwidths. Web development advanced to match it by allowing web designers to work with a wide range of multimedia that could include within web presentation.

CSS allows web developers to work with new ways of organizing and displaying content. Then came Flash-based video technology that allowed unique styles in both web and animation. The development of video streaming technology further made a huge impact on what purposes web began to use for it.

Despite all these developments taking place over the decades, the basic structure and interface of the web page have retained an excellent balance in its form and function.


The history of web development mark by the creation of several technology solutions and many events. More tools are available today, but HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript continue to play some of the most important roles in web development. All new technologies in the domain contribute to the existing ones and aren’t meant to negate anything. Designing and developing websites is not a complicated task any longer, thanks to all these platforms available.

Article Source: company with essay experts

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